Terms in this set (8)
- Maintaining a balanced diet. …
- You need more of some nutrients than others. …
- Carbohydrates, fats and proteins are macro nutrients. …
- You need small amounts vitamins and minerals. …
- Fat soluble vitamins. …
- Water soluble vitamins. …
- Water and dietary fibre are just as important.
Which nutrients do you need as part of a healthy diet?
The six essential nutrients are vitamins, minerals, protein, fats, water, and carbohydrates.
What are the nutrients needed for good health quizlet?
6 Essential Nutrients ~ Health
What are components of a healthy diet quizlet?
What Makes a Healthy Diet?
- Nutrient-dense foods.
- Eating a variety of foods.
- Balance your choices.
- Everything in moderation.
What are the 5 nutrients you need to be healthy?
The roles of the five major nutrients
They are categorized as proteins, fats, carbohydrates (sugars, dietary fiber), vitamins, and minerals, and perform the following vital functions.
Why are carbohydrates a necessary part of your diet?
Carbohydrates are essential for a well-balanced diet and healthy body. They are the body’s preferred energy source and fuel vital organs – including the brain, central nervous system and kidneys.
Why healthy diet is important?
A healthy diet is essential for good health and nutrition. It protects you against many chronic noncommunicable diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes and cancer. Eating a variety of foods and consuming less salt, sugars and saturated and industrially-produced trans-fats, are essential for healthy diet.
What are nutrients health quizlet?
the sum of the processes by which humans consume and use food. A substance in food that helps with body processes. You just studied 44 terms!
What nutrients do?
Nutrients are compounds in foods essential to life and health, providing us with energy, the building blocks for repair and growth and substances necessary to regulate chemical processes.
What are essential nutrients quizlet?
Essential nutrients are substance that body must get from food because it can’t make them or can’t make them fast enough to meet the body’s needs. Examples of essential nutrients include: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and water (aka the six classes of nutrients.)
What is the main carbohydrate?
The two main forms of carbohydrates are sugars (such as fructose, glucose, and lactose) and starches, which are found in foods such as starchy vegetables, grains, rice, breads, and cereals. The body breaks down (or converts) most carbohydrates into the sugar glucose, which is absorbed into the bloodstream.
What do nutrients do quizlet?
Nutrients are molecules in food that all organims need to make energy, grow, develop, and reproduce. … It carries nutrients to your cells and carries waste from your body, regulates body temperature, dissolves vitamins, minerals, amino acids and other nutriets. 1/2 to 3/4 of the human body consists of water!
Why are proteins a necessary part of your diet?
Protein is an important part of a healthy diet. Proteins are made up of chemical ‘building blocks’ called amino acids. Your body uses amino acids to build and repair muscles and bones and to make hormones and enzymes. They can also be used as an energy source.
Why are carbohydrates an important part of the diet quizlet?
1. Helps regulate blood sugar and cholesterol levels. 2. Contributes to the development of diverticulitis and other bowel diseases.
What are proteins needed for?
Every cell in the human body contains protein. The basic structure of protein is a chain of amino acids. You need protein in your diet to help your body repair cells and make new ones. Protein is also important for growth and development in children, teens, and pregnant women.
What is meant by a healthy diet?
Healthy eating means eating a variety of foods that give you the nutrients you need to maintain your health, feel good, and have energy. These nutrients include protein, carbohydrates, fat, water, vitamins, and minerals.
How do you maintain a healthy diet?
How to Maintain a Healthy Eating Lifestyle
- Make half your plate fruits and vegetables. …
- Make half the grains you eat whole grains. …
- Switch to fat-free or low-fat (1%) milk. …
- Choose a variety of lean protein foods. …
- Compare sodium in foods. …
- Drink water instead of sugary drinks. …
- Eat some seafood. …
- Cut back on solid fats.
How is nutrition and health related?
Nutrition is a critical part of health and development. Better nutrition is related to improved infant, child and maternal health, stronger immune systems, safer pregnancy and childbirth, lower risk of non-communicable diseases (such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease), and longevity. Healthy children learn better.
What is calories quizlet?
Calorie. A calorie is the amount of energy needed to raise temperature of 1 gram of water 1 degree Celsius. Measure of heat energy in food, equivalent to 1000 calories.
Which situation is a barrier to eating healthy?
Several subthemes for barriers to healthy eating were identified: financial uncertainty, cost of healthy foods, lack of time, rationing food within family, lack of transportation, lack of adequate kitchen equipment, lack of nutrition knowledge and skills, and social support network.
What are nutrients for kids?
Nutrients are the substances in food that our bodies process to enable it to function. Your nutrient requirements are influenced by factors including your age, growth stage and activity. Nutrients are so small that the naked eye can’t see them. micronutrients – vitamins and minerals such as calcium, iron, vitamin C.
Which best describes nutrient density quizlet?
Which Statement best describes nutrient density? Consume foods that have the most nutrition for their Kcalories. You just studied 11 terms!
Why are some nutrients called essential nutrients quizlet?
Why are some nutrients classified as essential nutrients? The body cannot produce them in adequate amounts, so it is essential that they be in the diet.
What are the 6 classes of nutrients?
There are six classes of nutrients required for the body to function and maintain overall health. These are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, water, vitamins, and minerals.
What are healthy carbohydrates?
Foods containing healthy carbs that are part of a healthy diet include:
What are carbohydrates for kids?
Carbohydrates are the body’s most important and readily available source of energy. They’re a necessary part of a healthy diet for both kids and adults. The two main forms of carbs are: simple carbohydrates (or simple sugars): including fructose, glucose, and lactose, which also are found in nutritious whole fruits.
What are macro nutrients?
Carbohydrates, fat and protein are called macronutrients. They are the nutrients you use in the largest amounts.
What are 2 major nutrients?
While there are many essential nutrients, they can be broken into two categories: macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients are eaten in large amounts and include the primary building blocks of your diet — protein, carbohydrates, and fat — which provide your body with energy.
What are the three most basic functions of nutrients quizlet?
What are the three most basic functions of nutrients?
Terms in this set (47)
- serve as regulators for metabolic functions.
- provide energy for body processes.
- provide materials for body structure.
What are the three types of carbohydrates?
Food contains three types of carbohydrates: sugar, starches and fiber. Carbohydrates are either called simple or complex, depending on the food’s chemical structure and how quickly the sugar is digested and absorbed.
What are two nutrients found in proteins?
Other important nutrients that can be found in protein include:
- B vitamins. The B Vitamins include niacin, thiamin, riboflavin, B6 and B12. …
- Essential fatty acids. …
- Zinc and iron. …
- Vitamin E. …
What are vitamins good for?
Vitamins have different jobs to help keep the body working properly. Some vitamins help you resist infections and keep your nerves healthy, while others may help your body get energy from food or help your blood clot properly. By following the Dietary Guidelines, you will get enough of most of these vitamins from food.
How much protein do we need?
Based on Weight and Activity
The average adult needs a minimum of 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight per day. 2 One kilogram equals 2.2 pounds, so a person who weighs 165 pounds, or 75 kg, would need about 60 grams of protein per day. However, your protein needs may increase if you are very active.
What do carbohydrates consist of quizlet?
Carbohydrates are molecules compounds made from just three elements: Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Monosaccharides and disaccharide are relatively small molecules. They are often called sugar.
Why is carbohydrate called carbohydrate?
The American Diabetes Association notes that carbohydrates are the body’s main source of energy. They are called carbohydrates because, at the chemical level, they contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. There are three macronutrients: carbohydrates, protein and fats, Smathers said.
How do carbohydrates impact your health quizlet?
All carbohydrates turn into glucose and raise our blood sugar. But some do it faster than others. Controlling blood glucose is important for weight management as well as diabetes control.