White firs are identifiable by two to three inch-long needles of a silvery green or blue color. These needles are flat and grow 360 degrees around the twig, protruding at nearly right angles. Fir needles are softer to the touch than spruce needles, which is one of the best ways to tell them apart from spruces.
How do you tell a white fir from a Douglas Fir?
White firs have small cones that are rather plain looking. These cones are generally in clusters at the tops of the trees. Douglas-firs have little projections that come out of the pine cones and are slightly larger.
How can you tell the difference between white fir and red fir?
The only trustworthy leaf distinction is that in the white fir each leaf is slightly channeled lengthwise on the upper surface, while the leaves of the red fir are ridged, or at least convex, on both top and bottom. The appearance of the trunk bark is usually different in the two trees.
Is white fir same as white pine?
Pine has more knots and differing colors ranging from brown to amber to white. Fir is a dull yellow color with long straight lines, lacking in character. … Even though fir is stronger, pine has the looks that make it a favorite for furniture building.
What does white fir lumber look like?
The lumber of White Fir is non-resinous and fine textured. Springwood is flat white in color and summerwood has a slight reddish-brown tinge. Contrast between heartwood and sapwood is so slight as to be not readily distinguishable.
How can you tell the difference between Douglas Fir and hemlock?
Hemlock has narrow, flat needles that are usually only one inch long. They are completely green or covered with white bands in some species. Needles are spirally arranged on the twigs and attached to them via raised, rounded pegs. Fir has longer (3 inches on average) and more flat needles compared with hemlock.
Is white fir and Douglas Fir the same?
The Douglas Fir is not considered a true fir because the cones hang down off the branch and fall off whole. … Unlike the White Fir, the Douglas Fir needles grow in all directions around the branch and can vary in different shades of green on a tree. Bark of young trees is gray and smooth becoming dark and scaly with age.
Is White Fir good firewood?
White fir is a softwood that burns fast and has a low BTU rating. It ignites easy so it makes excellent kindling and is good for starting fires. It burns well and can produce quick heat but doesn’t last long so it’s usually not considered the best wood for wood stoves and home heating.
How do you identify a red fir tree?
If the needles are flat with two white lines on their undersides and come out from the branch at a perfect right angle, the tree is a white fir. If the needles are four-sided, easy to roll between fingertips, and have a hockey stick-like curve where they attach to the branch, it’s a red fir.
Is White Fir rot resistant?
Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable regarding decay resistance, with little resistance to insect attacks. Workability: Generally easy to work with both hand and machine tools, though some drying defects may be present or occur while drying the wood. Glues, stains, and finishes well.
Is balsam fir the same as white fir?
Balsam Fir is cold hardy, shade tolerant, and will thrive in most soil types and moisture levels. White Fir is an attractive, cold hardy tree that is known for its excellent adaptation to difficult sites.
Is Douglas Fir a white pine?
The Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) is an evergreen conifer species in the pine family, Pinaceae. It is native to western North America and is also known as Douglas-fir, Douglas spruce, Oregon pine, and Columbian pine.
How can you tell the difference between spruce and fir?
To tell spruce and fir trees apart, it helps to know that spruce needles are sharply pointed, square and easy to roll between your fingers. Fir needles, on the other hand, are softer, flat and cannot be rolled between your fingers. Spruce needles are attached to small, stalk-like woody projections.
How do you identify fir wood?
Wood Identification 101 episode 2, douglas fir &, larch – YouTube
What is special about the white fir?
White fir is a shade tolerant, climax species, which means the forest has reached complex maturity in forest succession in western coniferous forests of the United States. White fir and yellow pine (ponderosa pine/Jeffrey pine) have co-existed for millennia in old growth forests throughout their range.
What are white fir trees used for?
The white fir has two primary uses: in construction as timber, and as Christmas trees. As such, they are commercially grown and harvested.
Are fir and hemlock the same?
Needles. The evergreen foliage of fir trees differs from that of hemlocks. Hemlocks feature a narrow, flat, evergreen needle that tapers at its base to form a tiny stem, attaching to the twigs on what resembles a woody cushion. … Fir needles usually are longer than those found on hemlocks.
What is the difference between balsam fir and hemlock?
Hemlock is sometimes confused with Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea) as the flat needles on both trees have two light-coloured bands underneath and are arranged in a single plane pointing forward on the twig. … Balsam Fir bark is grey, somewhat smooth often with raised blisters that when pressed will express resin.
How do I know if I have hemlock?
Poison-hemlock stems have reddish or purple spots and streaks, are not hairy, and are hollow. Leaves are bright green, fern-like, finely divided, toothed on edges and have a strong musty odor when crushed. Flowers are tiny, white and arranged in small, umbrella-shaped clusters on ends of branched stems.
Is White Fir good for furniture?
Fir is most often used for building, however, it’s inexpensive and can be used for some furniture-making as well. It doesn’t have the most interesting grain pattern and doesn’t take stain very well, so it’s best to use it only when you intend to paint the finished product.
Can you burn white fir trees?
As a general rule, most coniferous or “softwood” trees—the types of trees that have needles rather than leaves—are not well-suited for use as firewood. … You can certainly burn it, but the wood from coniferous trees also contains pitch and is notorious for creating creosote buildup when it burns.
What is the hottest burning wood?
Which Types of Firewood Burn The Hottest?
- Osage orange, 32.9 BTUs per cord.
- Shagbark hickory, 27.7 BTUs per cord.
- Eastern hornbeam, 27.1 BTUs per cord.
- Black birch, 26.8 BTUs per cord.
- Black locust, 26.8 BTUs per cord.
- Blue beech, 26.8 BTUs per cord.
- Ironwood, 26.8 BTUs per cord.
- Bitternut hickory, 26.5 BTUs per cord.
Can you burn Douglas fir tree wood?
Fir. Probably the best conifer for firewood, Douglas Fir has a medium heating value and does not produce too much ash. Older trees are easy to split and easy to start. Fir does produce a moderate amount of sparking.
What do the needles of a fir tree look like?
Needles are soft and flat. Grow from a single point of origin like a spruce, but are attached to the branch in a manner resembling a suction cup. When the needles are removed they do not leave behind a woody projection. Tend to have two white stripes on the bottom of each needle.
What does a noble fir tree look like?
Noble firs are tall, narrow evergreens with horizontal branches. … Instead of hanging down, noble fir cones perch on branches, looking a bit like candles on old-fashioned holiday trees. Noble firs in landscapes can live a long time. They are pioneer trees, growing in quickly after a forest fire clears an area.
What does a noble fir look like?
Noble Fir – Abies procera. … Needles: It’s easy to identify noble fir by looking at the underside of a twig. The needles are shaped like hockey sticks, and sweep away from the twig uniformly, giving them a combed appearance. The needles are blue-green with bands of white on each side.
Is white fir good for outdoor use?
It is as light or lighter in color than some of the Western pines but stronger. Products are available in structural, appearance and remanufacturing grades. It is easily pressure treated with preservatives, making it useful for decks and other outdoor amenities.
How Long Will Doug Fir last outside?
It’s also naturally resistant to rot, decay, and insects. According to research done by the University of California’s Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, completely untreated Douglas fir will last 10-15 years in outdoor uses.
What eats white fir?
Grouse like to eat the buds and needles and find white fir a good roosting tree. The seeds are eaten by squirrels, rodents, chickadees, crossbills and Clark’s nutcrackers. Deer browse on seedlings, buds and needles, and porcupines gnaw on the bark.
How can you tell a Fraser fir from a balsam?
Fraser Fir has Silvery gray-brown bark, The bark of the young tree is slightly smooth while the mature tree has a slightly rough bark. The bark of young Balsam fir trees is smooth, gray, and with resin blisters, and it becomes even rougher and large blisters with age.
What is the difference between Fraser fir and Noble fir?
The Noble fir has excellent needle retention and when properly cared for, a long lifespan in the home. … The Fraser fir is an elegant tree. Its fragrance, full shape, strong branches, unique coloring and ability to retain its needles throughout the Holiday season make it an excellent choice as a Christmas tree.
What is the difference between Fraser fir and Douglas Fir?
Douglas Fir has a pyramidal shape with beautiful green to blue-green needles. It is a dependable tree that will last the entire season. Fraser Fir has a great pine smell to it and is more slender than other firs, so it will fit better in a smaller room. Its branches turn slightly upward giving it a more compact look.
Are pine and Douglas Fir the same?
Douglas fir comes in between the types of pine, with its own rating of 660 on the Janka scale. So it’s fairly comparable to the yellow pines in hardness, though a bit softer than the shortleaf varieties and significantly less hard than the Southern longleaf pine.
Is Douglas Fir better than Cedar?
While Cedar is easier to work with and more rot resistant being of the Type II durability class, Doug Fir is stronger and of Type III durability.
How do I identify a fir tree UK?
The easiest way to identify fir trees is by looking at their needles and cones. Although they look similar to pine trees or spruce trees, the needle-like leaves and the types of cones help to tell them apart.
Are pine trees and fir trees the same?
Although both fir and pine trees are conifers, bearing cones, and members of the same plant family, Pinaceae, their plant group names are different. Fir trees are members of the genus Abies, whereas pine trees belong to Pinus.
Is fir a pine?
If a twig bears needles in groups of two, three, or five, you can safely call it a pine. If the twig carries its needles singly, it’s a good bet you’ve got a fir or a spruce. Pull off a needle, and roll it between your fingers. If it feels flat and doesn’t roll easily, it’s a fir.
What does fir wood grain look like?
Usually a light brown color with a hint of red and/or yellow, with darker growth rings. In quartersawn pieces, the grain is typically straight and plain.
What colour is Douglas Fir?
Colour – As a redwood, Douglas fir is usually an attractive red-brown colour. However, this may differ according to part of the tree cut, with colour variations of pink, brown, and cream.
Is Douglas Fir the same as larch?
The two species are often kept separate in appearance grade products but are combined in dimension products and marketed as “DF-L”. Because Douglas Fir and Western Larch share nearly identical structural characteristics and physical working proper- ties, the two species are interchangeable in dimension products.