What did ida tarbell publish?

Born in Pennsylvania at the onset of the oil boom, Tarbell is best known for her 1904 book The History of the Standard Oil Company. The book was published as a series of articles in McClure’s Magazine from 1902 to 1904.

What did Ida Tarbell’s writings expose?

Ida M. Tarbell’s name would become synonymous with the term muckraker after publication of her 19-part expose of the business practices of John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Company that had destroyed her father’s oil business, as well as many other small oil related companies in Pennsylvania’s oil region in the 1870s.

What did Ida M Tarbell write about?

As Ida Tarbell wrote in her History of the Standard Oil Company (1904), “You could argue its existence from its effects, but you could not prove it.” In 1892 the Ohio Supreme Court ordered the trust dissolved, but it effectively continued to operate from headquarters in New York City.

What did Stannard Baker expose?

Ray Stannard Baker was born in Michigan in 1870. He joined McClure’s Magazine, where he worked with Lincoln Steffens and Ira Tarbell in the kind of investigative journalism that became known as muckraking. Baker himself was involved in exposing railroad and financial corruption.

Which of the following events was a result of Ida Tarbell’s book The History of the Standard Oil Company?

One result largely attributable to Tarbell’s work was a Supreme Court decision in 1911 that found Standard Oil in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act. The Court found that Standard was an illegal monopoly and ordered it broken into 34 separate companies. Bloodied, Rockefeller and Standard were hardly defeated.

What was Ray Stannard Baker known for?

Ray Stannard Baker was a leading national journalist whose belief in social reform led to a close personal and professional relationship with Woodrow Wilson. Born in 1870 in Lansing, Michigan, Baker came from a pioneer New England family that had moved west.

What did Ida Tarbell wrote about Rockefeller?

Ida Tarbell concluded her series with a two-part character study of Rockefeller, where she described him as a “living mummy,” adding, “our national life is on every side distinctly poorer, uglier, meaner, for the kind of influence he exercises.” Public fury over the exposé is credited with the eventual breakup of …

Which book documented the excesses of Standard Oil?

The History of the Standard Oil Company is a 1904 book by journalist Ida Tarbell. It is an exposé about the Standard Oil Company, run at the time by oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller, the richest figure in American history.

Who did Ray Stannard Baker target?

Forty years later Baker recalled bitterly how T.R assured him privately that he targeted only Hearst and the “yellow press” in his attack on muckrakers, but publicly drew no such distinction. As Wilson’s press secretary at Versailles, Baker was promised full access to information, but was given much less.

Was Stannard Baker successful?

In 1908 after the 1906 Atlanta Race Riot got him involved, Baker published the book Following the Color Line: An Account of Negro Citizenship in the American Democracy, becoming the first prominent journalist to examine America’s racial divide, it was extremely successful.

What is Ray Stannard Baker muckraker?

Ray Stannard Baker was a muckraking journalist and pastoral essayist who won the Pulitzer Prize for his biography of Woodrow Wilson and who achieved lasting popular fame for his quiet essays on simple rural life, written under the pseudonym “David Grayson.” Although the Ray Stannard Baker Collection primarily contains …

How was Ida Tarbell first introduced to the oil industry?

Ida M. Tarbell’s The History of the Standard Oil Company was first serialized in McClure’s Magazine starting in 1902 and then published as a best-selling book in 1904. Tarbell grew up around the Pennsylvania oil industry, where her father suffered from, and protested, John D. Rockefeller’s business practices.

What reforms did Ida Tarbell accomplish?

Ida Tarbell helped transform journalism by introducing what is called today investigative journalism.

How did Ida Tarbell contribute to the progressive movement?

Ida Tarbell helped pioneer investigative journalism when she wrote a series of magazine articles about John D. Rockefeller and his Standard Oil Trust. She and other jour- nalists, who were called “muckrakers,” aided Progressive Movement reform efforts.

Who is a famous muckraker?

These famous muckrakers of their day helped expose issues and corruption in America between 1890 and the start of World War I.

  • Jacob Riis. Jacob A. …
  • Ida B. Wells. …
  • Florence Kelley. …
  • Ida Tarbell. …
  • Ray Stannard Baker. …
  • Upton Sinclair. …
  • Lincoln Steffens. …
  • John Spargo.

What did Lincoln Steffens expose?

He launched a series of articles in McClure’s, called “Tweed Days in St. Louis”, that would later be published together in a book titled The Shame of the Cities. He is remembered for investigating corruption in municipal government in American cities and for his leftist values.

Who wrote following the color line?

Editor’s note: Ray Stannard Baker wrote the following of one black-operated newspaper in the north, “The large proportion of colored newspapers in the country are supporters of [Booker T.]

What was the focus of Ida Tarbell’s article that was published in McClure’s magazine in the early 1900s?

She wrote biographies on Madame Roland and Napoleon. Tarbell believed that “the Truth and motivations of powerful human beings could be discovered.” That Truth, she became convinced, could be conveyed in such a way as “to precipitate meaningful social change.”

Who were Ida Tarbell’s friends?

In 1906 Tarbell joined with Lincoln Steffens, Ray Stannard Baker and William A. White to establish the radical American Magazine.

How does Treckel describe Rockefeller?

Treckel’s take: “Personally, I think she despised him [Rockefeller].” That may explain why one of her most scathing accusations proved unfounded: the infamous “Widow Backus” story. By Tarbell’s account, Rockefeller cheated Mrs.

What did Ida Tarbell do to expose the Standard Oil Company?

Tarbell brought the company’s shady dealings to light, and the federal government sued Standard Oil. The Supreme Court ordered Standard Oil’s breakup in 1911, but only after more narrowly defining illegal monopoly. Congress strengthened antitrust laws with the Federal Trade Commission Act and Clayton Antitrust Act.

Who owns Stanford oil?

Tpg Partners III, L.P.

Who originally owned Standard Oil?

What is Standard Oil? Standard Oil (in full, Standard Oil Company and Trust) was an American company and corporate trust that from 1870 to 1911 was the industrial empire of John D. Rockefeller and associates, controlling almost all oil production, processing, marketing, and transportation in the United States.

Where is Ray Stannard Baker from?

What is Standard Oil? Standard Oil (in full, Standard Oil Company and Trust) was an American company and corporate trust that from 1870 to 1911 was the industrial empire of John D. Rockefeller and associates, controlling almost all oil production, processing, marketing, and transportation in the United States.

When was Ray Stannard Baker born?

Ray Stannard Baker, journalist, author, and biographer of Woodrow Wilson, was born in Lansing, Michigan on April 17, 1870 and died in Amherst, Massachusetts on July 12, 1946.

How did Tarbell see Rockefeller’s role in developing the Standard Oil Company?

Tarbell then described how Rockefeller first began to receive special rates from the railroads. She demonstrated how Rockefeller used independent oil producers such as her father to further advance in the industry. Finally, she detailed the consolidation of Standard Oil as a monopoly.

What did The History of the Standard Oil Company exposed?

Her best-known work, The History of the Standard Oil Company (1904), exposed the questionable business practices of John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Trust, which had been formed when Rockefeller combined all his corporations in an attempt to reduce competition and control prices in the oil industry.

What was Ida Tarbell’s focus?

The McClure’s magazine journalist was an investigative reporting pioneer, Tarbell exposed unfair practices of the Standard Oil Company, leading to a U.S. Supreme Court decision to break its monopoly.

What methods did Ida Tarbell use to improve American life?

Ida Tarbell charged that Standard Oil was using illegal methods to hurt or destroy smaller oil companies. She investigated these illegal business dealings and wrote about them for a magazine called McClure’s. The reports she wrote led to legal cases that continued all the way to the Supreme Court of the United States.

What was one reform of the progressive movement?

The Progressive Era saw many far-reaching reform movements whose goals included eliminating government corruption, granting suffrage for women, and passing antitrust legislation.

What role did Upton Sinclair play in the Progressive Era?

Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle to expose the appalling working conditions in the meat-packing industry. His description of diseased, rotten, and contaminated meat shocked the public and led to new federal food safety laws. … Some progressives wanted to break up the large corporations with anti-monopoly laws.

Was Jacob Riis a muckraker?

Barre, Massachusetts, U.S. Jacob August Riis (/riːs/, May 3, 1849 – May 26, 1914) was a Danish-American social reformer, “muckraking” journalist and social documentary photographer. He contributed significantly to the cause of urban reform in America at the turn of the twentieth century.

Who was the first muckraker to publish an article?

Lincoln Steffens, Ray Stannard Baker, and Ida M. Tarbell are considered to have been the first muckrakers, when they wrote articles on municipal government, labour, and trusts in the January 1903 issue of McClure’s Magazine.

What magazines championed muckraking causes?

The muckrakers played a highly visible role during the Progressive Era. Muckraking magazines—notably McClure’s of the publisher S. S. McClure—took on corporate monopolies and political machines, while trying to raise public awareness and anger at urban poverty, unsafe working conditions, prostitution, and child labor.

What problem did muckraking journalist Lincoln Steffens expose in his articles for McClure’s magazine?

In 1902, he published an article in McClure’s magazine called “Tweed Days in St. Louis.” Steffens exposed how city officials worked in league with big business to maintain power while corrupting the public treasury.

What did Lincoln Steffens study at UC Berkeley?

Theodore Roosevelt called muckrakers. After graduating from the University of California at Berkeley in 1889, Steffens studied psychology with Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig and with Jean-Martin Charcot in Paris, which confirmed his basic positivist orientation.

Where did Lincoln Steffens go to college?

Theodore Roosevelt called muckrakers. After graduating from the University of California at Berkeley in 1889, Steffens studied psychology with Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig and with Jean-Martin Charcot in Paris, which confirmed his basic positivist orientation.