What are the rules for a sonnet poem?

How To Write A Sonnet

  • Think of an idea for your sonnet. Your sonnet must be about one single idea. …
  • Your sonnet must rhyme in a specific pattern. Your 14 line sonnet must be written in three sets of four lines and one set of two lines. …
  • Your sonnet must have a metrical pattern.

What are the 7 steps to writing a sonnet poem?

By following these simple strategies, you can write your own sonnet.

  1. Choose a theme or problem. …
  2. Pick a type of sonnet. …
  3. Write in iambic pentameter. …
  4. Organize stanzas. …
  5. Follow a rhyme scheme. …
  6. Incorporate a volta. …
  7. Use poetic devices. …
  8. First quatrain.

What are the 5 characteristics of a sonnet?

All sonnets have the following three features in common: They are 14 lines long, have a regular rhyme scheme and a strict metrical construction, usually iambic pentameter. Iambic pentameter means that each line has 10 syllables in five pairs, and that each pair has stress on the second syllable.

What does a poem need to be a sonnet?

English poets borrowed the sonnet form from the Italian poet Francesco Petrarch. Traditionally, it has fourteen lines of iambic pentameter linked by an intricate rhyme scheme. Iambic pentameter refers to its rhythm, basically, each line of the poem has ten syllables, and every other syllable is stressed.

What are the 3 main characteristics of a sonnet?

There are three basic characteristics of a sonnet. Most sonnets have fourteen lines, an iambic pentameter, and a rhyme scheme.

How do you write a sonnet poem step by step?

To write a sonnet, make each line 10 syllables long and follow the rhythm of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. Then, arrange the lines into 3 stanzas of 4 lines and end with a 2 line stanza. The quatrains should follow an ABAB rhyme scheme, and the last two lines should rhyme as well.

How do you start a sonnet poem?

Start With a Comparison

Comparisons, such as metaphors and similes, are another good way to start a sonnet. They provide imagery and can set the mood of the poem.

What is the rhyme scheme for a sonnet?


Shakespeare’s sonnets are composed of 14 lines, each written in iambic pentameter and most with the traditional rhyme scheme of the English sonnet: abab cdcd efef gg.

How many lines are in a sonnet?

A 14-line poem with a variable rhyme scheme originating in Italy and brought to England by Sir Thomas Wyatt and Henry Howard, earl of Surrey in the 16th century. Literally a “little song,” the sonnet traditionally reflects upon a single sentiment, with a clarification or “turn” of thought in its concluding lines.

What are the 4 traits of a sonnet?

The characteristics of a sonnet are its rhyme scheme, its metric structure, its common topics, and its specific cultural conventions. This type of poem traditionally has a strict number of lines with ending words that must rhyme according to a certain formula.

How do you structure a sonnet?

The structure can be divided into three quatrains (four-line stanzas) plus a final rhyming couplet (two-line stanza). The Shakespearean sonnet rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef gg. Many other sonnet structures have been invented by an array of poets (we’ll go over what these are shortly).

What are the 3 types of sonnet?

The Main Types of Sonnet. In the English-speaking world, we usually refer to three discrete types of sonnet: the Petrarchan, the Shakespearean, and the Spenserian. All of these maintain the features outlined above – fourteen lines, a volta, iambic pentameter – and they all three are written in sequences.

What defines a sonnet?

Traditionally, the sonnet is a fourteen-line poem written in iambic pentameter, employing one of several rhyme schemes, and adhering to a tightly structured thematic organization. The name is taken from the Italian sonetto, which means “a little sound or song.” Discover more poetic terms. Types of Sonnets.

What is the basic form of a sonnet?

Sonnet form

Sonnets are short rhyming poems, normally of 14 iambic pentameter lines – an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one (iambic) and with lines of ten syllables, five of them stressed (pentameter).

Are all 14 line poems sonnets?

Fourteen lines: All sonnets have 14 lines, which can be broken down into four sections called quatrains. A strict rhyme scheme: The rhyme scheme of a Shakespearean sonnet, for example, is ABAB / CDCD / EFEF / GG (note the four distinct sections in the rhyme scheme).

How do you write a sonnet for kids?

Writing a sonnet means following a specific structure, rhyme scheme, and meter. You need three quatrains and a couplet, an ABAB CDCD EFEF GG rhyme scheme, and iambic pentameter. Write about any theme you want, and keep practicing until you can get as close to those rules as you need.

How long does it take to write a sonnet?

A conventional Shakespearean sonnet usually takes me 2.5–3 hours.

How many couplets are in a sonnet?

A couplet is a pair of rhyming lines. A sonnet has one couplet at the end.

Can a sonnet have 8 lines?

The Italian sonnet has two stanzas: an octave (8 lines), rhyming abbaabba, and a sestet (6 lines), which usually rhymes cdecde or cdcdcd, though variations are allowed (in the below example, I used ccddee). This means that there can be as few as four rhymes in the entire poem.

What is the difference between a poem and a sonnet?

Sonnet is a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes. Poem is a piece of writing in which the expression of feelings and ideas is given intensity by particular attention to diction, rhyme, rhythm, and imagery.

Do sonnets have to rhyme?

Your sonnet must rhyme in a specific pattern. Your 14 line sonnet must be written in three sets of four lines and one set of two lines. 1. The first quatrain will have lines that end in a rhyme scheme like this: ABAB, for example, ‘day’, ‘temperate’, ‘may’, ‘date’.

Why do poets use sonnet form?

Sonnets are lyrical poems of 14 lines that follow a specific rhyming pattern. Sonnets usually feature two contrasting characters, events, beliefs or emotions. Poets use the sonnet form to examine the tension that exists between the two elements. Several variations of sonnet structure have evolved over the years.

What are the two parts of a sonnet?

The sonnet can be thematically divided into two sections: the first presents the theme, raises an issue or doubt, and the second part answers the question, resolves the problem, or drives home the poem’s point.

Do sonnets have stanzas?

The Sonnet

For English sonnets, here are the basic rules: Subject: deep feelings, Length: 14 lines. They are broken into three stanzas of four lines called quatrains.

What is sonnet cycle explain?

A sonnet cycle or sonnet sequence is a group of sonnets, arranged to address a particular person or theme, and designed to be read both as a collection of fully realized individual poems and as a single poetic work comprising all the individual sonnets.

What do the last 2 lines in a sonnet reveal about the poem?

What the last two lines of this sonnet mean is that Shakespeare is bragging about the importance of his work and of this poem in particular. In the rest of the poem, he has talked about (among other things) how brief and transient a summer’s day is. Then he has contrasted that with how his love will be immortal.

How do you teach students to write a sonnet?

Here are 4 simple steps to teach and create the Nonsense Sonnet with your students!

  1. Step 1: Don’t Stress the Content. …
  2. Step 2: Zero in on the Rhyming (End) Words. …
  3. Step 3: Let Your Imagination Play. …
  4. Step 4: Build 10-Syllable Lines.

What is the easiest sonnet to write?

The Shakespearean sonnet is the easiest sonnet to write. It consists of three quatrains and a couplet. The first stanza has the rhyme scheme of “a-b-a-b,” while the rhyme scheme for second stanza is “c-d-c-d.” The third stanza’s rhyme scheme is “e-f-e-f,” and for the couplet, it is “g-g.”

How do you teach a sonnet in high school?


  1. Read a sonnet–more than once if necessary.
  2. Identify the rhyme scheme.
  3. Identify the major units of thoughts.
  4. Describe the situation or problem in your own words.
  5. Identify the turning point.
  6. Describe how the situation is rectified.
  7. Summarize the message of the poem in your own words.
  8. Write your own sonnet.