How does the structure of the ovary relate to its function?

Ovaries: The ovaries are small, oval-shaped glands that are located on either side of the uterus. The ovaries produce eggs and hormones. Fallopian tubes: These are narrow tubes that are attached to the upper part of the uterus and serve as pathways for the ova (egg cells) to travel from the ovaries to the uterus.

What is the structure of the ovaries?

Each ovary is a solid, ovoid structure about the size and shape of an almond, about 3.5 cm in length, 2 cm wide, and 1 cm thick. The ovaries are located in shallow depressions, called ovarian fossae, one on each side of the uterus, in the lateral walls of the pelvic cavity.

What important structure is contained in the ovary?

ovary, in botany, enlarged basal portion of the pistil, the female organ of a flower. The ovary contains ovules, which develop into seeds upon fertilization. The ovary itself will mature into a fruit, either dry or fleshy, enclosing the seeds.

Can you identify the functions of the structures of the human female reproductive system?

The main function of the female reproductive system is to produce eggs (ova) to be fertilised, and to provide the space and conditions to allow a baby to develop. In order for this to happen, the female reproductive system also has the structures necessary to allow sperm from a man to meet the ova of a woman.

What are the ovaries and what function do they perform?

The ovaries have two main reproductive functions in the body. They produce oocytes (eggs) for fertilisation and they produce the reproductive hormones, oestrogen and progesterone.

What is the function of the reproductive system?

Within the context of producing offspring, the reproductive system has four functions: To produce egg and sperm cells. To transport and sustain these cells. To nurture the developing offspring.

What is the function of ovaries in mammals?

Two major functions of the mammalian ovary are the production of germ cells (oocytes), which allow continuation of the species, and the generation of bioactive molecules, primarily steroids (mainly estrogens and progestins) and peptide growth factors, which are critical for ovarian function, regulation of the …

What is the function of the ovarian ligament?

The suspensory ligaments attach each ovary to the pelvic sidewall. The ovarian ligaments, which connect each ovary to the lateral side of the uterus, do not contain any blood vessels. These are also known as the utero-ovarian ligaments or the proper ovarian ligaments.

What happens to the ovule and the ovary after fertilization?

After fertilization occurs, each ovule develops into a seed. Each seed contains a tiny, undeveloped plant called an embryo. The ovary surrounding the ovules develops into a fruit that contains one or more seeds.

Where are the ovaries located What is the function of the hormones they produce?

A girl’s gonads, the ovaries (OH-vuh-reez), are in her pelvis. They make eggs and secrete the female hormones estrogen (ESS-truh-jen) and progesterone (pro-JESS-tuh-rone). Estrogen is involved when a girl starts puberty.

Which part can be considered the most important part of the female reproductive system and why?

The role of the uterus

The uterus is one of the predominant organs of the female reproductive system. It serves important functions during pregnancy and childbirth.

Why female reproductive system is important?

The female reproductive system enables a woman to: produce eggs (ova) have sexual intercourse. protect and nourish a fertilized egg until it is fully developed.

Which of the following connect the ovaries to the uterus?

The uterine tubes (also called Fallopian tubes or oviducts) connect the ovaries to the uterus.

What do the ovaries produce quizlet?

ovaries produce estrogen and progesterone and males produce testosterone.

What are the functions of the ovaries follicles follicle stimulating hormone corpus luteum and progesterone?

A surge of LH in the midmenstrual cycle is responsible for ovulation, and continued LH secretion subsequently stimulates the corpus luteum to produce progesterone. Development of the ovarian follicle is largely under FSH control, and the secretion of estrogen from this follicle is dependent on FSH and LH.

What are the three main function of the female reproductive system?

The organs of the female reproductive system produce and sustain the female sex cells (egg cells or ova), transport these cells to a site where they may be fertilized by sperm, provide a favorable environment for the developing fetus, move the fetus to the outside at the end of the development period, and produce the …

What happens to a girl if fertilization takes place?

A pregnancy starts with fertilization, when a woman’s egg joins with a man’s sperm. Fertilization usually takes place in a fallopian tube that links an ovary to the uterus. If the fertilized egg successfully travels down the fallopian tube and implants in the uterus, an embryo starts growing.

What do ovaries produce?

Ovaries make eggs and hormones like estrogen and progesterone. These hormones help girls develop, and make it possible for a woman to have a baby. The ovaries release an egg as part of a woman’s cycle.

What are the 2 major functions of the ovaries quizlet?

The ovaries have two functions: they produce eggs (ova) and female hormones.

What are ovaries connected to?

The ovaries lie within the peritoneal cavity, on either side of the uterus, to which they are attached via a fibrous cord called the ovarian ligament.

What ovary produces a girl?

In the normal female the ovary of the right side yields ova which on fertilization develop as males, and the ovary of the left side yields ova which are potentially female.

What structure attaches the ovaries and the uterus to the pelvic wall?

The ovarian ligament connects the uterus and ovary. The posterior portion of the broad ligament forms the mesovarium, which supports the ovary and houses its arterial and venous supply. The suspensory ligament of the ovary (infundibular pelvic ligament) attaches the ovary to the pelvic sidewall.

What functions does the female reproductive system serve quizlet?

Three functions of the female reproductive system are to produce sex hormones, to produce eggs, and to provide a nourishing environment.

What male structure is analogous to the female prepuce?


Embryological precursor Female Male
Genital tubercle Clitoral crura Crus of penis
Prepuce Clitoral hood Foreskin
Peritoneum Canal of Nuck Processus vaginalis
Gubernaculum Round ligament of uterus Gubernaculum testis

What happens to the stamens after fertilization?

After fertilization, the ovary transformed into fruit, and the ovule transformed into a seed. The stamens, style, petals, and stigma of the flower fall off.

What happens after the given stage a the ovary splits open B ovary develops into a fruit and ovules into seeds C the ovules are dispersed into seeds D flower drops off?

The Answer is b) the ovary develops into a fruit and ovules into seeds.

What is the importance of the coordination of glands hormones and organs in the menstrual cycle?

Brain structures called the hypothalamus and pituitary gland control the menstrual cycle. The hypothalamus triggers the pituitary gland to make hormones that trigger the ovaries to make oestrogen and progesterone. These hormones make the lining of the uterus (womb) thicker to prepare the body for pregnancy.

What changes occur in ovaries during menstrual cycle?

There are not much changes in the ovary during menstrual cycle. In either of the two ovaries only one egg matures each month. This process is known as ovulation. These maturation of the egg is under the hormonal control.

How reproductive hormones facilitate changes to the ovaries and the uterus?

Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), causing maturation of an egg in the ovary. Luteinising hormone (LH) stimulating the release of the egg. Oestrogen and progesterone are involved in maintaining the uterus lining.

Which of the following best describes the ovary?

Ovary: The female gonad, one of a pair of reproductive glands in women. The ovaries are located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries produce eggs (ova) and female hormones.

Which part and its function in the female reproductive system is similar to that of the vas deferens in the male reproductive system?

Explanation: In female reproductive system function of the fallopian tubules is to carry the ovum released by the ovaries. In the same way, In male reproductive system, function of the Vas Deferens is to carry the sperms.

What path does sperm take?

When ejaculation occurs, sperm is forcefully expelled from the tail of the epididymis into the deferent duct. Sperm then travels through the deferent duct through up the spermatic cord into the pelvic cavity, over the ureter to the prostate behind the bladder.

Can you identify the functions of the structures of the human female reproductive system?

The main function of the female reproductive system is to produce eggs (ova) to be fertilised, and to provide the space and conditions to allow a baby to develop. In order for this to happen, the female reproductive system also has the structures necessary to allow sperm from a man to meet the ova of a woman.

What structure connects the ovaries to the uterus quizlet?

The ovarian ligament (also called the utero-ovarian ligament or proper ovarian ligament) is a fibrous ligament that connects the ovary to the lateral surface of the uterus.

What is the definition of ovaries quizlet?

Ovaries are the female reproductive organs that produce eggs and the hormones estrogen and progesterone. … Summarize the path of the egg through the female reproductive system. The ovaries produce the female egg cells, called the ova or oocytes.

Which structure in the ovary secretes progesterone and estrogen after ovulation quizlet?

After ovulation, the ruptured follicle in the ovary collapses and the remaining granulosa cells are modified into an endocrine structure called the corpus luteum. The corpus luteum secretes progesterone and some estrogen.

When there are about 1000 follicles left?

And when a women has around 1,000 follicles left, scientists believe that is what triggers the start of menopause. From puberty to age 35, this translates to the loss of about 1,000 follicles per month (33 per day, on average) and the amount of follicles lost per month accelerates after age 35.

What is the role of follicle-stimulating hormone?

Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is produced by the pituitary gland in the brain. It is an important hormone for normal functioning of the reproductive system in men and women. In women, FSH helps control the menstrual cycle and the production of eggs by the ovaries.

What is the purpose of ovarian follicles?

When an egg matures during a woman’s menstrual cycle, the follicle breaks open and releases the egg from the ovary for possible fertilization (the process by which an egg combines with sperm to form an embryo). Ovarian follicles may sometimes be checked to help diagnose and treat infertility.

What happens when the body produces more follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone?

These cells produce more gonadotrophin-releasing hormone, which in turn stimulates the pituitary gland to produce more follicle stimulating hormone and luteinising hormone, and release these into the bloodstream. The rise in follicle stimulating hormone stimulates the growth of the follicle in the ovary.