The 2,000-mile Oregon Trail began to be heavily traveled in 1843 by settlers wanting to establish new homes in the northwest, while others split off on the equally long and grueling California Trail to seek their fortunes in the gold fields.
Why was Independence Missouri MO A good starting place for the Oregon Trail?
As the closest Missouri River landing to the town of Independence, Wayne City, or Upper Independence, Landing served as a supply port for early pioneers. It was also the starting point for many travelers who were heading west along the Oregon and California Trails.
Did the Oregon Trail begin in Independence Missouri?
The Oregon Trail, Mormon History, Historic Sites. Tens of thousands of American pioneers took their first steps west in Independence, MO. Long before the days of President Harry S. Truman, the pioneers made Independence the most popular starting point for the Oregon Trail.
What was the main reason for the Oregon Trail?
Travelers were inspired by dreams of gold and rich farmlands, but they were also motivated by difficult economic times in the east and diseases like yellow fever and malaria that were decimating the Midwest around 1837.
What was it like in Independence Missouri during the Oregon Trail?
Louis. The center of activity in the small town of Independence was the bustling square. Most of the new pioneers camped a mile or two from the square and were busily purchasing supplies needed for their four to five month trek. Those with horses or mules left first so they could feed upon the shorter grasses.
Why did the Oregon Trail End in Oregon City?
Oregon City was the end of the trail for many because it was where land claims were granted for Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Wyoming.
What three trails began in Independence Missouri?
People on steamboats loaded with goods traveled upstream on the Missouri River “highway” to Independence, where the overland journey on the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California trails began.
Where did the Oregon Trail begin?
Officially, according to an act of Congress, it begins in Independence, Missouri, and ends in Oregon City, Oregon. To the settlers, though, the trail to the Oregon Country was a five-month trip from their old home in the East to their new home in the West.
Why did Pioneers go to Oregon?
Some Americans went to Oregon in the very early 1800s because they wanted to participate in the fur trade. … People went to Oregon hoping to claim land and to settle in the fertile Willamette Valley. These people hoped to farm in this region. Other people went to Oregon for the adventure of going to new places.
What were two purposes for the forts on the Oregon Trail?
During the 1800’s, the U.S. Government and other companies built forts along the Oregon, Califor- nia and Mormon Trails to protect the emigrants traveling west and to also provide supplies for these wagon trains.
What are three facts about the Oregon Trail?
9 Things You May Not Know About the Oregon Trail
- The Oregon Trail didn’t follow a single set path. …
- A pair of Protestant missionaries made one of the trail’s first wagon crossings. …
- The iconic Conestoga wagon was rarely used on the Oregon Trail. …
- The trail was littered with discarded supplies.
What is the significance of Independence Missouri?
Independence, Missouri was founded in 1827 to serve as the westernmost port of the fur trade on the Missouri River. It later served as a jumping-off point for the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California Trails, and two battles were fought here in the Civil War.
What Missouri City was the primary starting point of the Oregon Trail?
While the first few parties organized and departed from Elm Grove, the Oregon Trail’s primary starting point was Independence, Missouri, or Kansas City (Missouri), on the Missouri River.
How did pioneers get to Missouri?
They followed a route blazed by fur traders, which took them west along the Platte River through the Rocky Mountains via the easy South Pass in Wyoming and then northwest to the Columbia River. In the years to come, pioneers came to call the route the Oregon Trail.
Where is Independence Oregon Trail?
The Oregon Trail was a roughly 2,000-mile route from Independence, Missouri, to Oregon City, Oregon, which was used by hundreds of thousands of American pioneers in the mid-1800s to emigrate west. The trail was arduous and snaked through Missouri and present-day Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho and finally into Oregon.
During what century was the Oregon Trail most traveled?
From the early to mid-1830s (and particularly through the years 1846–1869) the Oregon Trail and its many offshoots were used by about 400,000 settlers, farmers, miners, ranchers, and business owners and their families.
Where did the trail begin Which states did it go through?
This road, also called the Oregon-California Trail, was a 2,000-mile route beginning at Independence, Missouri, and continuing west and north to the Columbia River Valley in Oregon or west then south to the gold fields of California.
What was the Oregon Trail?
The Oregon Trail was a wagon road stretching 2170 miles from Missouri to Oregon’s Willamette Valley. It was not a road in any modern sense, only parallel ruts leading across endless prairie, sagebrush desert, and mountains.
Why did the pioneers move west?
Settlers traveled west because they wanted to expand their dominion and wanted more freedom. They believed God told them they were destined to govern the entirety of North American territory. They thought that God gave them the right to take the land in the West.
Who started the Oregon Trail?
Robert Stuart of the Astorians (a group of fur traders who established Fort Astoria on the Columbia River in western Oregon) became the first white man to use what later became known as the Oregon Trail. Stuart’s 2,000-mile journey from Fort Astoria to St.
What did pioneers do when they got to Oregon?
Emigrants could corral and graze their animals at the Farm while, for 50 cents, they dined on large portions of beef, potatoes, slaw, and biscuits. At Oregon City, after six months of grueling travel over 2000 miles, newcomers might rest a bit and resupply in town at establishments such as Abernethy’s Store.
What did they bring on the Oregon Trail?
Hundreds of pounds of dried goods and cured meats were packed into the wagons, including flour, hardtack, bacon, rice, coffee, sugar, beans, and fruit.
Why were landmarks important to pioneers on the Oregon Trail?
Often, they were running dangerously low on supplies and money. They arrived in Oregon with something very valuable, however, their lives and the memory of the scenes they had experienced along the trail. Just as the landmarks they encountered had shaped the land, so their experiences shaped the future of our country.
What was the halfway point for travelers on the Oregon Trail?
South Pass marks the halfway point of the Oregon Trail, a powerful symbolic landmark that lacked any distinguishing feature which we would actually think of as a landmark. Here, the emigrants crossed the Continental Divide and the eastern boundary of Oregon Territory.
What are the 4 major landmarks on the Oregon Trail?
Some of the best known included Blue Mound in Kansas, Courthouse and Jail rocks, Chimney Rock, and Scotts Bluff in Nebraska, Laramie Peak, Independence Rock, Devil’s Gate, Split Rock, the Wind River Range, and Twin Buttes (near the South Pass) in Wyoming, Three Buttes (near Fort Hall) in Idaho, and Flagstaff Hill and, …
What did kids do on Oregon Trail?
Chores for children on the trail often included fetching water, cooking, washing dishes, and helping to look after the younger children. There was little firewood available on the Plains. So, children were often assigned to collect the “buffalo chips” that were used for fuel to build fires for warmth and cooking.
Does the Oregon Trail still exist?
But even devoted players of the classic computer game, which turned 45 this year, may not know that relics of the trail itself are still carved into the landscapes of the United States. The trail itself—all 2,170 miles of it—was braved by more than 400,000 people between 1840 and 1880.
How many pioneers died traveling west?
Up to 50,000 people, or one-tenth of the emigrants who attempted the crossing continent, died during the trip, most from infectious disease such as cholera, spread by poor sanitation: with thousands traveling along or near the same watercourses each summer, downstream travelers were susceptible to ingesting upstream …
When did the Mormons leave Independence Missouri?
Mormons expelled from Missouri and resettled in Nauvoo, Illinois.
What is Santa Cali Gon?
The annual SantaCaliGon Days Festival honors the origin of the Santa Fe, California, and Oregon trails in Independence, where brave pioneers began their westward journey in the 1800s.
Who is the founder of Independence MO?
In 1831, members of the Latter Day Saint movement began moving to the Jackson County, Missouri area. Shortly thereafter, founder Joseph Smith declared a spot west of the Courthouse Square to be the place for his prophesied temple of the New Jerusalem, in expectation of the Second Coming of Christ.
Who were the pioneers on the Oregon Trail?
- Margaret A. Frink, 1850. …
- Abigail Jane Scott, 1852. Abigail Scott traveled the trail with her family that included nine siblings. …
- J.T. Kerns, 1852. J.T. …
- Polly Coon, 1852. …
- Joseph Goldsborough Bruff, 1849. …
- Enoch Conyers, 1852. …
- John C. …
- Maria Belshaw, July 1853.
Where did the Oregon Trail begin and end How long was the trail?
The Oregon Trail was the most popular way to get to Oregon Country from about 1843 through the 1870s. The trail started in Missouri and covered 2,000 miles before ending in Oregon City.
Where did the Oregon Trail cross the Rocky Mountains?
Oregon Trail Main route of US pioneers to the West in the 1840s and 1850s. It ran 3200km (2000mi) from Independence, Missouri, to Fort Vancouver on the Columbia River in Oregon, and crossed the Rocky Mountains via South Pass.