What is the occipital belly of occipitofrontalis?

The occipitofrontalis muscle consists of two parts or bellies: the occipital belly, near the occipital bone. It originates on the lateral two-thirds of the highest nuchal line, and on the mastoid process of the temporal bone. It inserts into the

epicranial aponeurosis

epicranial aponeurosis

The epicranial aponeurosis (aponeurosis epicranialis, galea aponeurotica) is an aponeurosis (a tough layer of dense fibrous tissue). It covers the upper part of the skull in humans and many other animals.


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Epicranial aponeurosis – Wikipedia


What is the occipital belly?

The occipitalis muscle (occipital belly) is a muscle which covers parts of the skull. Some sources consider the occipital muscle to be a distinct muscle. However, Terminologia Anatomica currently classifies it as part of the occipitofrontalis muscle along with the frontalis muscle.

Where is the occipital belly?

Occipital belly overlies the back of the skull. It originates from the lateral two-thirds of the superior nuchal lines of occipital bone. After a short course superiorly, their muscle fibers insert into the epicranial aponeurosis posteriorly to the lambdoid suture.

What is the origin and insertion of the Occipitofrontalis?

It has several origin points: the procerus muscle, the corrugator supercilii muscle, the orbicularis oculi fascia, and the zygomatic process of the frontal bone. It obviously covers a lot of ground. It inserts on the superficial fascia of the facial muscles, as well as the skin above the nose and eyes.

Which are actions of the frontal belly of the Occipitofrontalis quizlet?

Skin superior to supraorbital margin. What is the function of the frontal belly of the occipitofrontalis muscle? Draws scalp anteriorly, raises eyebrow, and wrinkles skin of forehead horizontally as in look of surprise.

What is cranial aponeurosis?

The galea aponeurotica (also called the galeal or epicranial aponeurosis or the aponeurosis epicranialis) is a tough fibrous sheet of connective tissue that extends over the cranium, forming the middle (third) layer of the scalp.

What does the frontalis do?

The frontalis muscle is responsible for elevating the eyebrows, while the corrugator supercilii, orbicularis oculi, and procerus play a role in its depression. The function of the forehead is often spared in middle cerebral artery strokes.

Is the occipital bone?

The occipital bone (/ˌɒkˈsɪpɪtəl/) is a cranial dermal bone and the main bone of the occiput (back and lower part of the skull). It is trapezoidal in shape and curved on itself like a shallow dish. The occipital bone overlies the occipital lobes of the cerebrum.

Occipital bone
FMA 52735
Anatomical terms of bone

What is a occipital headache?

Definition. Occipital neuralgia is a distinct type of headache characterized by piercing, throbbing, or electric-shock-like chronic pain in the upper neck, back of the head, and behind the ears, usually on one side of the head. Typically, the pain of occipital neuralgia begins in the neck and then spreads upwards.

What covers the occipital bone?

The occipital belly of the occipitofrontalis covers much of the occipital bone.

Is the occipitofrontalis the same as the Frontalis?

The occipitofrontalis consists of two bellies connected by a fibrous connective tissue known as the galea aponeurotica. Anatomical information for the frontal belly (frontalis) (the portion of the occipitofrontalis located on the forehead) includes: Origin: Anterior portion of the galea aponeurotica.

How do I strengthen my occipitofrontalis?

Endurance and Strengthening

To train the occipital muscles, lie on a table, on your back. Begin with the back of your head against the table. Slowly press the back of the head into the table, creating a double chin. Complete eight to 12 repetitions, one to three times per day.

Which structure forms the posterior portion of the occipitofrontalis?

Also known as the occipitofrontalis. Is the broad muscle that covers the top of the skull and consist of the occipitalis and frontalis. Back (posterior) portion of the epicranius, the muscle that draws the scalp backward.

What is the location of the frontal belly of the occipitofrontalis muscle quizlet?

What is the location of the frontal belly of the occipitofrontalis muscle? It is superficial to the frontal bone on the forehead.

Which describes the Occipitofrontalis quizlet?

The occipitofrontalis consists of two muscles connected to each other by a broad aponeurosis. Which structure forms the anterior (forehead) portion of occipitofrontalis? Which structure forms the posterior portion of the occipitofrontalis? Which is a complex of muscles that encircles the mouth?

Which are attachments of the orbicularis oculi?

The preseptal orbicularis oculi muscle divides medially into a deep head and a superficial head. The deep head of the muscle attaches to the fascia around the lacrimal sac as well as the posterior lacrimal crest, while the superficial head of the muscle attaches to the anterior limb of the medial canthal ligament.

Where is the levator Palpebrae Superioris?

The levator palpebrae superioris muscle origin is the periosteum of the lesser wing of the sphenoid bone, superior to the optic foramen. The muscle travels anteriorly along the superior aspect of the orbit superior to the superior rectus muscle.

What is your scalp?

The scalp is composed of soft tissue layers that cover the cranium. It is an anatomic region bordered anteriorly by the human face, and laterally and posteriorly by the neck. It extends from the superior nuchal lines and occipital turbulences to the supraorbital foramen.

What is the origin of the orbicularis oculi muscle?

Orbicularis oculi

Origin Nasal part of frontal bone, frontal process of maxilla, medial palpebral ligament, lacrimal bone
Innervation Temporal and zygomatic branches of facial nerve (CN VII)
Blood supply Maxillary, superficial temporal, facial and ophthalmic arteries.

Is the frontalis a paired muscle?

The muscular layer of the eyebrow is below the subcutaneous tissue. This layer is composed of the elevator muscle (frontalis) and the depressor muscles (procerus, corrugator supercilii, orbital portion of the orbicularis oculi). (See the image below.) The paired frontalis muscles are the primary elevators of the brow.

Is the frontalis the forehead?

The galea aponeurotica is a sheet of fibrous tissues that covers the top of the skull. The frontalis muscle is located at the forehead of the skull, between the galea aponeurotica and the eyebrows and top of the nose.

How many muscles are in the frontalis?

The frontalis muscles are two large fanlike muscles that extend from the eyebrow region to the top of the forehead.

Can you feel the occipital bone?

The bony skull bump — known as an external occipital protuberance — is sometimes so large, you can feel it by pressing your fingers on the base of your skull.

What are the 4 parts of the occipital bone?

The occipital bone is composed of four parts:

  • squamous part: external/internal surfaces.
  • basilar part (basiocciput): lower/upper surfaces.
  • lateral (jugular) parts (two): under/upper surfaces.

What attaches to the occiput?

These are four paired muscles on the underside of the occipital bone, the two straight muscles (rectus) and the two oblique muscles (obliquus). Rectus capitis posterior major goes from the spinous process of the axis (C2) to the occipital bone.

Suboccipital muscles
TA2 2248
FMA 71439
Anatomical terms of muscle

Can occipital neuralgia cause a stroke?

In some cases, occipital neuralgia symptoms may actually indicate a life-threatening stroke. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, have any of these life-threatening sudden symptoms including: Abnormal pupil size or nonreactivity to light.

Does stress cause occipital neuralgia?

Occipital neuralgia is caused by damage to the occipital nerves, which can arise from trauma (usually concussive or cervical), physical stress on the nerve, repetitive neck contraction, flexion or extension, and/or as a result of medical complications (such as osteochondroma, a benign bone tumour).

How do you sleep with occipital pain?

Sleep on your back. Use a pillow that supports the neck and keeps the head aligned with the body (neutral position) Avoid sleeping with the neck bent because that can increase pressure on the nerves. If sleeping on your side, be sure to use a pillow that does not raise the head higher than the shoulders.

What does the occipital bone look like?

The occipital bone is a trapezoid-shaped single bone of the skull located at the back of the head. It forms immobile and mobile joints, contains grooves that protect certain cranial nerves and blood vessels, and hosts a number of raised or flat surfaces onto which muscles and ligaments can attach.

What causes occipital bone bump?

A bump on the back of the head has many possible causes, including injuries, cysts, fatty growths, inflamed hair follicles, and bone spurs. Bumps on this part of the body can be hard or soft, and they can vary in size. Injuries are a common cause of bumps and lumps on the back of the head.

How common is occipital bun?

There are still some human populations which often exhibit occipital buns. A greater proportion of early modern Europeans had them, but extremely prominent occipital buns in modern populations are now fairly infrequent, but exist frequently in certain populations.

What nerve raises eyebrows?

The facial nerve controls the muscles that help you smile, frown, wrinkle your nose, and raise your eyebrows and forehead. This seventh cranial nerve performs motor and sensory functions.

How do you pronounce Occipitofrontalis?

How To Say Occipitofrontalis – YouTube

What facial expression does the masseter make?


How do you strengthen your occipital muscles?

Head Aches – Sub occipital muscle strengthening – YouTube

How do you relax the frontalis muscle?

To relieve tension in your frontalis muscle, sit in a comfortable chair and frown while lowering your eyebrows as much as possible. Hold this position for five seconds then immediately raise your eyebrows as high as possible while smiling. Hold this position for five seconds then repeat the entire exercise ten times.

How do I strengthen my occipital?

Face forward, tuck your chin down, and pull your head back until it meets the wall. Try to bring your head back in a straight line without tilting it back or nodding forward. Hold the stretch for 5 seconds before resting, and repeat 10 times. If this exercise increases pain or discomfort, stop immediately.

What is the origin of frontal belly of Occipitofrontalis?

Occipitofrontalis muscle

Origin two occipital bellies and two frontal bellies.
Insertion epicranial aponeurosis
Artery frontal belly: supraorbital and supratrochlear arteries occipital belly: occipital artery
Nerve facial nerve

Which is the kiss muscle used for puckering the lips?

The circular muscle around our mouth is Orbicularis Oris and this muscle brings our lips together so we can pucker up for a kiss!

Which extrinsic eye muscle moves through a Pulleylike loop?

The superior oblique muscle loops through a pulley-like structure (the trochlea of superior oblique) and inserts into the sclera on the posterotemporal surface of the eyeball.

What muscles elevate the upper lip?

The levator labii superioris muscle, also known as the quadratus labii, contributes to facial expression and movement of the mouth and upper lip. It courses alongside the lateral aspect of the nose, and its primary function is elevation of the upper lip.

What is the origin of the Procerus muscle?

Procerus muscle

Origin Nasal bone, (superior part of) lateral nasal cartilage
Insertion Skin of glabella, fibers of frontal belly of occipitofrontalis muscle
Action Depresses medial end of eyebrow, wrinkles skin of glabella
Innervation Temporal, lower zygomatic or buccal branches of facial nerve (CN VII)

What is the origin of the frontalis muscle?

The frontalis muscle is supplied by the facial nerve and receives blood from the supraorbital and supratrochlear arteries.

Frontalis muscle.

Origin Galea aponeurotica
Insertion Orbicularis oculi muscle
Artery supraorbital and supratrochlear arteries
Nerve Facial nerve Temporal branch

Which are actions of the frontal belly of the Occipitofrontalis?

Occipitofrontalis muscle

Origin Frontal belly (frontalis): Skin of eyebrow, muscles of forehead Occipital belly (occipitalis): (Lateral 2/3 of) superior nuchal line
Insertion Epicranial aponeurosis
Action Frontal belly: Elevates eyebrows, wrinkles skin of forehead Occipital belly: Retracts scalp

Which muscle draws the scalp backward?

Occipitofrontalis muscle

Origin Frontal belly (frontalis): Skin of eyebrow, muscles of forehead Occipital belly (occipitalis): (Lateral 2/3 of) superior nuchal line
Insertion Epicranial aponeurosis
Action Frontal belly: Elevates eyebrows, wrinkles skin of forehead Occipital belly: Retracts scalp

What does the term depressor refer to in the name depressor Labii Inferioris?

lowers lower lip. Origin of depressor labii inferioris. mandible.